What is the therapeutic action of acetaminophen?
Acetaminophen relieves pain by elevating the pain threshold, that is, by requiring a greater amount of pain to develop before a person feels it. It reduces fever through its action on the heat-regulating center of the brain.
What is the pharmacological name of paracetamol?
acetaminophen, also called paracetamol, drug used in the treatment of mild pain, such as headache and pain in joints and muscles, and to reduce fever. Acetaminophen is the major metabolite of acetanilid and phenacetin, which were once commonly used drugs, and is responsible for their analgesic (pain-relieving) effects.
What are two therapeutic effects of acetaminophen?
Acetaminophen (APAP) is a non-opioid analgesic and antipyretic agent used to treat pain and fever. It is used as a single agent for mild to moderate pain and in combination with an opioid analgesic for severe pain.
What is the pharmacological effect of paracetamol?
Paracetamol has a central analgesic effect that is mediated through activation of descending serotonergic pathways. Debate exists about its primary site of action, which may be inhibition of prostaglandin (PG) synthesis or through an active metabolite influencing cannabinoid receptors.
What is the therapeutic index of acetaminophen?
(a phenomenon referred to as a narrow therapeutic index). The recommended maximum 24-hour dosage of acetaminophen in an adult is 4,000 mg (4 g). Taking the maximum standard adult dose of 650 mg every four hours yields a daily dose of 3,900 mg (3.9 g).
What is the common name for acetaminophen?
Brand-name versions You may know acetaminophen as the brand-name drug Tylenol.
What are the indications for acetaminophen?
ACETAMINOPHEN INDICATIONS Like other OTC pain relievers, acetaminophen temporarily relieves minor aches and pains due to headache, backache, the common cold, minor pain of arthritis, toothache, premenstrual and menstrual cramps, and muscular aches, and temporarily reduces fever.
What is an example of acetaminophen?
Examples of OTC brands of acetaminophen are Tylenol, Paracetamol, and Panadol. Acetaminophen prescribed by a doctor is usually a stronger medicine. It is often combined with a narcotic ingredient.
What are pharmacology drugs?
In pharmacology, a drug is a chemical substance, typically of known structure, which, when administered to a living organism, produces a biological effect. A pharmaceutical drug, also called a medication or medicine, is a chemical substance used to treat, cure, prevent, or diagnose a disease or to promote well-being.
What drugs are in acetaminophen?
Butalbital, acetaminophen, and caffeine combination is used to relieve symptoms of tension (or muscle contraction) headaches. Butalbital belongs to the group of medicines called barbiturates. Barbiturates act in the central nervous system (CNS) to produce their effects. Acetaminophen is used to relieve pain and reduce fever in patients.
What is the drug class for acetaminophen?
Acetaminophen is in a class of medications called analgesics (pain relievers) and antipyretics (fever reducers). It works by changing the way the body senses pain and by cooling the body. Codeine belongs to a class of medications called opiate (narcotic) analgesics and to a class of medications called antitussives.
What is acetaminophen and what is it used for?
What is acetaminophen? Acetaminophen is a pain reliever and a fever reducer. Acetaminophen is used to treat mild to moderate and pain, to treat moderate to severe pain in conjunction with opiates, or to reduce fever. Common conditions treated include headache, muscle aches, arthritis, backache, toothaches, sore throat, colds, flu, and fevers.
Is acetaminophen the same as Tylenol?
Yes, acetaminophen is the same as Tylenol. Acetaminophen is the generic name for the brand name medication Tylenol, made by McNeil Consumer. Acetaminophen does not have anti-inflammatory effects like ibuprofen, but may be safer to take if you use a blood thinner. Click to see full answer.