What is the main definition of health indicator?

A health indicator is a measure designed to summarize information about a given priority topic in population health or health system performance. Health indicators provide comparable and actionable information across different geographic, organizational or administrative boundaries and/or can track progress over time.

What are sources of data for calculation of health indicators?

The main data sources include demographic censuses, vital statistics information systems, disease reporting systems, cancer registries, population-based research, and other sample-based research—which may be local (subnational) and/or periodic (regular)—and the various information systems created by the health and …

What are the ten health indicators?

Leading Health Indicators

  • Children, adolescents, and adults who use the oral health care system (2+ years)
  • Consumption of calories from added sugars by persons aged 2 years and over (2+ years)
  • Drug overdose deaths.
  • Exposure to unhealthy air.
  • Homicides.
  • Household food insecurity and hunger.

What is the importance of health indicators?

Health indicators can provide needed information-on risks, disease and mortality patterns, and health-related trends over time-for a wide range of audiences and users such as governments, health professionals, international organizations, civil society, and the general community.

Why is it important to understand health indicators?

Most importantly, indicators can help to simplify a complex array of information concerning the health, environment and development nexus. In this respect, they are important for informing the public and decision-makers about key health and environmental problems, and actions required for their management.

For what purpose are the data obtained from public health indicators used?

Public health surveillance is the ongoing collection, analysis and dissemination of health related data to provide information that can be used to monitor and improve the health of populations. Such surveillance systems can be established in many settings to study a variety of populations and conditions.

What are the characteristics of health indicators?

Characteristics of indicators An ideal health indicator should be valid, reliable, sensitive and specific. Valid: it must measure what it is supposed to measure. Reliable: the answer should be the same if measured by different people. Sensitive: they should show variations in different situations.

What is the purpose benefit of using health indicators in Healthy People document and ongoing research study?

The indicators will be used to assess the health of the Nation, facilitate collaboration across sectors, and motivate action at the national, state, and community levels to improve the health of the U.S. population.

What are indicators of health explain different indicators of health?

Health indicators are quantitative or statistical measures or instruments used for the measurement of health status of an individual or defined group. They are variables that can be used to measure the changes in the level of health target achievement, or as indirect or partial measures of complex situations.

What are the sources of data on community health?

Community health assessments typically use both primary and secondary data to characterize the health of the community: Primary data are collected first-hand through surveys, listening sessions, interviews, and observations. Secondary data are collected by another entity or for another purpose.

What are the sources of community data?

The U.S. Census Bureau is the leading source of quality data about the nation’s people and economy. It provides data from the Population and Housing Census, Economic Census, Census of Governments, American Community Survey, and many other demographic and economic surveys.

What are the importance of health indicators?

What is a leading health indicator?

Leading Health Indicators (LHIs) are a small subset of high-priority Healthy People 2030 objectives selected to drive action toward improving health and well-being.

Are there any state-based data available for Healthy People 2010?

However, state-based data are provided as available. Healthy People 2010 contains 467 objectives that identify specific measures to monitor health in the first decade of the 21st Century. Each objective includes a statement of intent, a baseline value for the measure to be tracked, and a target to be achieved by the year 2010.

What is the goal of the 2010 Healthy People initiative?

Healthy People 2010 builds on similar initiatives pursued over the preceding two decades. Two overarching goals—to increase quality and years of healthy life and to eliminate health disparities—served to guide the development of objectives that would be used to measure progress.

What is in the Healthy People 2010 final review?

Released online October 2011, the Healthy People 2010 Final Review presents a quantitative end-of-decade assessment of progress in achieving the Healthy People 2010 objectives and goals over the course of the decade. Healthy People 2010 builds on similar initiatives pursued over the preceding two decades.