What is meant by cosmological arguments?

cosmological argument in British English noun. philosophy. one of the arguments that purport to prove the existence of God from empirical facts about the universe, esp the argument to the existence of a first cause.

What are the two cosmological arguments?

Thomas Aquinas, in his Summa theologiae, presented two versions of the cosmological argument: the first-cause argument and the argument from contingency. The first-cause argument begins with the fact that there is change in the world, and a change is always the effect of some cause or causes.

What is an example of cosmological argument?

The Kalām Cosmological Argument The universe, including time and space, cannot go back infinitely far in time. Therefore, the universe began to exist. Therefore, the universe’s existence was caused by something. The most-plausible example of a creator of time and space would be something like God.

How does the cosmological argument prove God?

The word logos suggests a study of something while the noun cosmos means order or the way things are. Thus, a cosmological argument for the existence of God will study the order of things or examine why things are the way they are in order to demonstrate the existence of God.

Is the cosmological argument successful?

So the cosmological argument is neither a valid argument in requiring the truth of its conclusion nor is it a satisfactory argument to prove the existence of any being that would have awareness of the existence of the universe or any event within it.

What is Plantinga’s argument?

Basically, Plantinga’s argument looks at how God in possible worlds is necessary and uses this point to show how he’s necessary for all possible worlds. A more in-depth analysis of Plantinga’s argument is forthcoming, but it is often all about what is possible and necessary. An error occurred trying to load this video.

What is Plantinga’s modal ontological argument?

Lesson Summary. Plantinga’s modal ontological argument has its roots in Anselm’s original Ontological Argument. The original argument basically examines God’s place as a necessary being and unfolds logically why He must exist.

Is Alvin Plantinga’s ontological argument an airtight defense of religion?

Dr. Alvin Plantinga is regarded as one of the foremost religious philosophers of the contemporary era. His modal ontological argument for foundational religious necessity is seen as an almost airtight defense of religion.

What is Plantinga’s theory of possibility?

Plantinga basically uses a possible world analysis. In other words, he says that in any possible world, something might be actual and that there are many possible worlds, so the possible must be actual in one of those many possibilities.