What is the conservation of biodiversity in India?

India is signatory to several major international conventions relating to conservation and management of wildlife. Some of these are Convention on Biological Diversity, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) etc.

What is biodiversity and Conservation Biology?

Basically, to summarise, biodiversity is the variety of forms of living organisms at various levels and Conservation Biology is the study of how we can prevent species and habitats being lost while still maintaining sustainable human societies.

Why is conservation of India biodiversity important?

It is important for preserving the diversity of species. It also helps in sustainable management and utilization of species and ecosystems. Biodiversity conservation is critically important for economic development and for poverty alleviation.

How many biodiversity conservation sites are there in India?

India has 12 Biodiversity Heritage Sites in total and they have made it to the list because of their unique and fragile nature.

What is biodiversity India?

India is the world’s 8th most biodiverse region with a 0.46 BioD score on diversity index, 102,718 species of fauna and 23.39% of the nation’s geographical area under forest and tree cover in 2020.

How many biological conservation are there in India?

In India, commendable efforts have been made for in-situ conservation of biodiversity. Under Protected Area network, now we have 13 Biosphere Reserves (Tables 7.6 & 7.7) set up in different biogeography regions of the country, besides 485 wildlife Sanctuaries and 87 National Parks.

Why is conservation biology aimed at biodiversity?

Most conservation biologists recognize that biodiversity is valuable in two ways: Biodiversity has utilitarian value because it benefits people directly and maintains interactions between the living and non-living parts of the environment.

Where is biodiversity in India?

Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.

How is conservation related to biodiversity?

Biodiversity is a Vital Part of the Solution to Climate Change. An important reason to conserve biodiversity is that it is vital in the fight against climate change. Many ecosystems – such as forests and wetlands – store vast amounts of carbon in them.

What is the main purpose of conservation biology?

Conservation biology as a discipline aims to provide answers to specific questions that can be applied to management decisions. The main goal is to establish workable methods for preserving species and their biological communities.

What is conservation of biodiversity?

Biodiversity conservation, the practice of protecting and preserving the wealth and variety of species, habitats, ecosystems, and genetic diversity on the planet, is important for our health, wealth, food, fuel, and services we depend on. It plays an integral role in supporting many sectors of development.

What is conservation method of biodiversity?

Two types of methods are employed to conserve biodiversity. They are- In situ conservation and Ex-situ conservation.

Why India is called biodiversity?

As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre. It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

What is Biodiversity Conservation and its importance?

What are the two types of conservation of biodiversity?

Conservation can broadly be divided into two types:

  • In-situ: Conservation of habitats, species and ecosystems where they naturally occur.
  • Ex-situ: The conservation of elements of biodiversity out of the context of their natural habitats is referred to as ex-situ conservation.
  • Hotspots of biodiversity.
  • Threatened Species.

What is biodiversity in biology?

Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.

Why is India called a mega biodiversity center?

The answer to your question shall be given in a 1000 different ways by Indians from different parts of the country.

  • The ones who shall answer you would all be from a different cultural background.
  • They may be of black,brown,or white race….
  • How does biodiversity vary in India?

    Bhavnagar,Gujarat — 2.70 feet

  • Cochin,Kerala — 2.32 feet
  • Mormugao,Goa — 2.06 feet
  • Okha,Gujarat — 1.96 feet
  • Paradip,Odisha — 1.93 feet
  • Mumbai,Maharashtra — 1.90 feet
  • Tuticorin,Tamil Nadu — 1.9 feet
  • Kandla,Gujarat — 1.87 feet
  • Mangalore,Karnataka — 1.87 feet
  • Chennai,Tamil Nadu — 1.87 feet
  • What are the causes of declining biodiversity in India?

    4.1 What is a “driver” and how does it affect biodiversity?

  • 4.2 What are indirect drivers of biodiversity change?
  • 4.3 Which direct drivers are critical in different ecosystems?
  • 4.4 How are specific direct drivers affecting biodiversity?
  • 4.5 How is climate change affecting biodiversity?
  • 4.6 How quickly are drivers causing change?
  • What is biodiversity hotspot in India?

    4 hotspots out of 34 Global biodiversity hotspots are in India with its neighbouring countries.

  • The endemics of Indian biodiversity is high.
  • India has 26 recognized endemism centres that are home to nearly a third of all the flowering plants identified and described to date in the country.