How is India social stratification different from other countries?

Answer. Answer: The Indian social stratification is different from other countries due to the remains of the presence of the ancient Indian Caste System in addition to other factors seen in other countries like wealth, education, family, etc.

What is India’s social stratification?

The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Many believe that the groups originated from Brahma, the Hindu God of creation.

What is the main difference between the US class system and the Hindu caste system?

Classes depend mainly on economic differences between groupings of individuals—inequalities in possession and control of material resources—whereas in caste system non-economic factors such as influence of religion [theory of karma, rebirth and ritual (purity-pollution)] are most important. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3.

How is the Hindu caste system similar to our American notion of social classes?

Both involve social stratification and social status, and people are born into both classes and castes. Both systems include wide ranges of material prosperity, influence, and status with the higher classes and castes receiving many benefits and the lower classes and castes struggling with poverty and oppression.

Is caste in India a closed system of social stratification?

The Caste System Caste systems are closed stratification systems in which people can do little or nothing to change their social standing. A caste system is one in which people are born into their social standing category, or “caste,” and will remain in it their whole lives.

How does the class system work in India?

The caste system is deeply rooted in the Hinduism belief in karma and reincarnation. Dating back more than 3,000 years, the caste system divides Hindus into four main categories – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras based on who they were in their past life, their karma, and what family line they come from.

What type of social stratification is the United States?

Sociologists generally identify three levels of class in the United States: upper, middle, and lower class. Within each class, there are many subcategories. Wealth is the most significant way of distinguishing classes, because wealth can be transferred to one’s children and perpetuate the class structure.

What is the system of stratification in the United States?

T he United States is stratified on the basis of class and there is both upward and downward mobility. An individual? s social class is determined by three factors: education, occupation and income.

What is the system of social stratification in the United States?

Social stratification reflects an unequal distribution of resources. In most cases, having more money means having more power or more opportunities. Stratification can also result from physical and intellectual traits. Categories that affect social standing include family ancestry, race, ethnicity, age, and gender.

Does caste system only exist in India?

While the caste system originated in Hindu scriptures, it crystallized during British colonial rule and has stratified society in every South Asian religious community. In addition to India, it is present in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Bhutan.

Is India the only country with a caste system?

What is the most important base of social stratification in Indian society?

In India, caste is one set of role cards and perhaps the most important one. One’s caste is ascribed; that is, children inherit the status and functions of their parents. At birth Indians are dealt their caste card.

Who said that the social stratification in India is based on purity and pollution?

Dumont holds the notion of purity and pollution interlinked with the caste system and untouchability. The hierarchy of caste is decided according to the degree of purity and pollution. It plays a very crucial role in maintaining the required distance between different castes.

How is the United States stratified?

Is the US society becoming more stratified?

America is becoming a more class-stratified society, contrary to the nation’s self-image as a socially dynamic meritocracy. In particular, the barriers are hardening between the upper middle class and the majority below them.

Is the US highly stratified?

Like all societies, the United States is stratified, and this stratification is often based on a person’s socioeconomic status (SES).

Why is society in the United States stratified?

In the United States the issue of social stratification and inequality is of particular importance because of the widening gap between the rich and poor in society. The United States has the largest wealth disparity of any industrialized nation in the world, and this disparity is growing larger every year.

What is social stratification in India?

Social Stratification in India. Every complex society faces the difficult task of placing its members into roles that are necessary for the society to survive. These roles must be filled with as little conflict and confusion as possible.

What is the difference between social stratification and social mobility?

Tumin (1967) cites Weber to state that while stratification based on economic differences affects the life chances of people, such as physical and mental health, stratification based on social factors which define the status of people within the society affect lifestyles, or how people live. What is Social Mobility?

Is India more unequal than the United States?

In low-income countries, inequality is much more consequential, which is why India looks like it’s more unequal than the US, whereas in a mathematical (Gini) sense it is more equal.

What are the characteristics of stratified society?

In a stratified society, people’s earnings and wealth, race and ethnicity, etc. determine the kind of people they associate with, or their own ‘communities’. Because social mobility is often hindered in a stratified society, these communities form an important part of the social reality of people.