Is chlordane still produced?

$ Chlordane still can be legally manufactured in the United States, but it can only be sold to or used by foreign countries. Although chlordane can be used to control fire ants in the United States, no products are currently registered for this use (5, 6).

What kind of pesticide is chlordane?

organochlorine compound
Chlordane, or chlordan, is an organochlorine compound that was used as a pesticide. It is a white solid. In the United States, chlordane was used for termite-treatment of approximately 30 million homes until it was banned in 1988.

How long will chlordane last?

20 years
Chlordane sticks strongly to soil particles at the surface so it is not likely move into groundwater. It can stay in the soil for over 20 years.

Is chlordane harmful to humans?

Exposure to chlordane occurs from its past use as a pesticide. The acute (short-term) effects of chlordane in humans consist of gastrointestinal distress and neurological symptoms, such as tremors and convulsions. Chronic (long-term) inhalation exposure of humans to chlordane results in effects on the nervous system.

What countries still use chlordane?

Because of their persistence and high propensity for bioaccumulation, most cyclodienes have been banned in most developed countries. Some of the cyclodienes such as chlordane and endosulfan continue to be widely used in China, India, and parts of Africa.

Is chlordane safe for humans?

Chlordane is a moderately toxic systemic poison that is absorbed well by inhalation, and through the skin. It is also irritating to the skin and eyes on direct contact. Rescuers should wear chlordane-resistant gear.

Is chlordane toxic to humans?

Has chlordane been banned?

Because of concerns about damage to the environment and harm to human health, the EPA banned all uses of chlordane in 1983 except to control termites. In 1988, EPA banned all uses.

What happens if you are exposed to chlordane?

Chlordane poisoning by any exposure route can cause blurred vision, sensory disturbances, headache, refractory convulsions, muscle tremors, excitability, confusion, loss of consciousness, coma, and death.

How long does chlordane last in the soil?

Chlordane entered the environment when it was used as a pesticide on crops, on lawns and gardens, and to control termites. Chlordane sticks strongly to soil particles at the surface so it is not likely move into groundwater. It can stay in the soil for over 20 years.

What is technical chlordane?

Chlordane is a manufactured chemical that was used as a pesticide in the United States from 1948 to 1988. Technical chlordane is not a single chemical, but is actually a mixture of pure chlordane mixed with many related chemicals. It doesn’t occur naturally in the environment.

What is the chemical name of chlordane?

Chlordane is a cyclodiene organochlorine insecticide. It has a role as a GABA -gated chloride channel antagonist and a persistent organic pollutant. It derives from a hydride of an indene. Conformer generation is disallowed since too many undefined stereo centers 1,3,4,7,8,9,10,10-octachlorotricyclo [ 2,6 ]dec-8-ene

What is the mass spectrometric peak of chlordane?

Intense mass spectral peaks: 375 m/z (100%), 373 m/z (94%), 377 m/z (46%), 237 m/z (45%) Hites, R.A. Handbook of Mass Spectra of Environmental Contaminants. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press Inc., 1985., p. 94 Food and Environmental Agents: Effect on Breast-Feeding: Chlordane: None reported. /from Table 7/

What is the detection limit of chlordane?

Under the prescribed conditions for chlordane, the method has a detection limit of 0.014 ug/l. Precision and method accuracy were found to be directly related to the concentration of the parameter and essentially independent of the sample matrix. EPA Method 8250.