Who is the founder of subaltern history?
Subaltern means the ‘bottommost ranks’ and subaltern history developed from the idea that history should be written from the bottommost rank of people in the society. This idea was developed by the Italian historian Antonio Gramsci.
What is meant by subaltern theory?
In postcolonial theory, the term subaltern describes the lower social classes and the Other social groups displaced to the margins of a society; in an imperial colony, a subaltern is a native man or woman without human agency, as defined by his and her social status.
Who was the founder of subaltern studies in India?
Ranajit Guha, the founder of the subaltern studies in South Asia, is considered as the practitioner of a critical Marxist historiography, who sought an active political engagement with the postcolonial present, inspired by Antonio Gramsci and Mao Zedong (Chatterjee, 2009).
What is subaltern feminism?
Based on this assumption of inferior position, women are called the “subalterns”. The issues agitating women belonging to different cultures are different.
Who are subalterns in India?
Other examples of the subaltern are indigenous groups or lower-caste, lower-class women who are marginalized in such a way as to not have a voice. In my own work, the example I often come back to is the 19th century British raj and the construction of Hinduism.
Who is the father of subaltern?
The society of this class was totally neglected by the government as well as society also. Ranajit Guha is called the father of “Subaltern Studies”.
Who are the subalterns in India?
The tantrikas, the devadasis, the hijras, the rural populance (many of whom even today have no historical connection to colonization), the scheduled classes etc. Those are the subalterns, to one degree or another.
What is a subaltern person?
1 : a person holding a subordinate position specifically : a junior officer (as in the British army) 2 : a particular proposition that follows immediately from a universal.
What is Spivak famous for?
Considered one of the most influential postcolonial intellectuals, Spivak is best known for her essay “Can the Subaltern Speak?”, and for her translation of and introduction to Jacques Derrida’s De la grammatologie.
What is the Bengali meaning of subaltern?
(of a proposition) implied by another proposition (e.g., as a particular affirmative is by a universal one), but not implying it in return. translation of ‘subaltern’ ক্যাপটেনের অপেক্ষা নিম্নপদস্থ সেনাপতিবিশেষ
Who said no documents no history?
Written documents become very important sources in a historical writing. Especially, the primary sources published according to the time of the event to be studied. In Europe, in the 19th century, a famous German historian Leopold Van Ranke says that “no document, no history”.
Who is Chatterjee?
Chatterjee has held academic positions and professorships across the globe, in Asia, Europe and North America. He is a sought-after lecturer as well.
How did Chatterjee take an anti-history position?
In engaging with Foucault, Chatterjee argued that the social and political had a normalizing power and this normalizing happened through discourses of the nation, specifically history. In that sense, Chatterjee took an anti-history position, recognizing that the history being written in India was a national one that favored an elite class.
Who is Professor Partha Chatterjee?
Richard McGrail: Professor Chatterjee is a Professor of Anthropology at Columbia University, and he has kindly offered to sit down with us to talk about subaltern studies. Thank you, Professor. Partha Chatterjee: Thank you.
Can the subaltern be made to speak?
And, in a sense, the subaltern can indeed be made to speak, but made to speak by someone else who interprets their speech on their behalf. Once that kind of interpretation has been given, the interpretation itself is subject to other interpretations. Therefore it becomes open to a wide field of interpretation and representations.