What tactics did the Romans use in battle?

3 Important Roman Military Tactics

  • The testudo. It’s easy to see where the “tortoise” formation got its name.
  • The triple line. One innovation on the Greek phalanx that the Romans introduced was a triple line formation of three distinct ranks.
  • The wedge.

Why were Roman legions so effective?

The training that soldiers had to do was very tough and thorough and included marching 20 miles a day wearing full armour. This meant that the Roman armies were very fit and organised. Training included marching in formation and learning specific tactics and manoeuvres for battle.

How did a Roman legion fight?

They shot bows and arrows, flung stones from slingshots, or could swim rivers to surprise an enemy. Roman soldiers usually lined up for battle in a tight formation. After a terrifying burst of arrows and artillery, the Roman soldiers marched at a slow steady pace towards the enemy.

Is legion a formation?

This is the formation usually seen in illustrations of the legion formation. The centuries are arranged front to back, three pairs per century. The cohorts are separated by a gap equal to the width of the cohort so that the second line of cohorts could move through the gaps during line replacement.

How does the testudo formation work?

In the testudo formation, the men would align their shields to form a packed formation covered with shields on the front and top. The first row of men, possibly excluding the men on the flanks, would hold their shields from about the height of their shins to their eyes, so as to cover the formation’s front.

Was the testudo formation effective?

What is clear is that the formation was mostly used in siege warfare, and served to protect soldiers from missile fire. It was very effective at this.

How was a Roman Manipular legion different from a phalanx?

Unlike the phalanx that fought in a single line, engaging the enemy simultaneously across the entire front, the legion deployed its maniples in a checkerboard pattern; leaving deliberate gaps between each maniple equal to its frontage.

What can defeat a phalanx?

You should be able to shred through the Hoplites and start doing some real damage on Phalanx. Be sure to hit the Hoplites behind their shields to do extra damage to them. Once Phalanx has no Hoplites protecting him, he is vulnerable. Run up and attack to finish the job and defeat your first real demon.