What is Aegyptiaca?

” Aegyptiaca ” ( ancient Greek Αἰγυπτιακά ) is the usual Latin title of a chronicle written by Manetho on ancient Egyptian politics, religion and history. The author Manetho was probably a priest from Sebennytos in Lower Egypt , who was probably under the pharaohs Ptolemy I , Ptolemy II and Ptolemy III.

Who wrote the Aegyptiaca?

If the mention of someone named Manetho in the Hibeh Papyri, dated to 241/240 BC, is in fact the celebrated author of the Aegyptiaca, then Manetho may well have been working during the reign of Ptolemy III Euergetes (246–222 BC) as well, but at a very advanced age.

Who was the first king of Egypt?

Many scholars believe the first pharaoh was Narmer, also called Menes. Though there is some debate among experts, many believe he was the first ruler to unite upper and lower Egypt (this is why pharaohs hold the title of “lord of two lands”).

Who were the Hyksos and where did they come from?

As a word, Hyksos is simply the Greek version of an Egyptian title, Heka Khasut, meaning “rulers of foreign lands/hill countries.” While much is misunderstood, we know the Hyksos comprised a small group of West Asian individuals who ruled Northern Egypt, especially the Delta, during the Second Intermediate Period.

What is the common name of Balanites Aegyptiaca?

Desert date
Balanites aegyptiaca Del., also known as ‘Desert date’ in English, a member of the family Zygophyllaceae, is one of the most common but neglected wild plant species of the dry land areas of Africa and South Asia. [1,2] This tree is native to much of Africa and parts of the Middle East.

What is Tomb UJ?

The tomb U-j (thought to be that of King Scorpion I), c. 3400-3200 BCE 11 , was discovered in 1988 in the royal cemetery of Umm el-Qaab (the burial site of the Predynastic kings of Egypt) near Abydos by Dr Günter Dreyer.

Who was the chief god of the Hyksos?

Their chief deity was the Egyptian storm and desert god, Seth, whom they identified with a Syrian storm god, Hadad.

What race was King Menes?

Capital. Manetho associates the city of Thinis with the Early Dynastic Period and, in particular, Menes, a “Thinite” or native of Thinis. Herodotus contradicts Manetho in stating that Menes founded the city of Memphis as his capital after diverting the course of the Nile through the construction of a levee.

What is Lalob?

Lalob, the Arabic name, is used throughout the Middle East but is unknown in most of Africa. 2 Strictly speaking, this is an undomesticated plant. We include it among cultivated fruits because in most Sahelian nations it is planted by farmers or stockbreeders.

Are desert dates edible?

Unripe and ripe fruits (Figure 1D,E) are edible and popularly known as “desert date”. The fruits are processed into beverages and liquor.