What are the examples of blowing agents?

The most important chemical blowing agents are ammonium bicarbonate (decomposition temperature 60 °C), sodium bicarbonate (decomposition temperature interval 100–140 °C), and sodium borohydrate (decomposition temperature 300 °C).

What does a blowing agent do?

A blowing agent is a substance which is capable of producing a cellular structure via a foaming process in a variety of materials that undergo hardening or phase transition, such as polymers, plastics, and metals.

Why is pentane a good blowing agent?

Pentane-blown foams have another advantage: better dimensional stability due to the fact that pentane does not condense as much as HCFC-141b at temperatures normally experienced by the foam in use. The condensation of HCFC-141b causes the cells to shrink and expand on a cyclical basis, reducing dimensional stability.”

What is the best foaming agent?

The most common foaming agents used in personal care are chemicals sodium laureth sulfate (SLES), sodium lauryl sulfate (sometimes referred to as sodium dodecyl sulfate or SLS) and coco-glucoside.

What is HFO blowing agent?

Opteon™ foam blowing agents are based on hydrofluoroolefin (HFO) chemistry. They produce thermal insulating foam that enables builders and designers to achieve a higher insulating effectiveness with the same thickness or the same R-value with a thinner layer of insulation than previous generation products.

Is water a blowing agent?

In addition to other physical blowing agents such as carbon dioxide or nitrogen, water can also be used as a blowing agent.

What is the work of STPP in liquid soap?

*STPP stands for sodium tripolyphosphate. It is an inorganic compound which serves as a “builder,” for a water softener it is strong cleaning ingredient that typically can rid dishes and fabrics of soil and spots. Its key function is that it allows surfactants to work at their full potential.

How do you increase foam in soap?

Different oils give different amounts and different types of lathers, so many soap makers turn to sugar to increase the suds. Adding a bit of sugar to a soap recipe can help make a light, bubbly lather with large bubbles when the oils you’re using do not lather up as much as you’d like.

What is HFO insulation?

Foamsulate HFO is an insulation system designed for use in commercial and residential applications. Use in lieu of more traditional forms of insulating materials such as fiberglass, cellulose or other loose fill products.

What is C5 chemical?

The C5 (C5) fraction is a co-product of naphtha cracking and is used as a raw material for synthetic rubber and petroleum resins.

Why is pentane used as a refrigerant?

Application area n-Pentane Chemically and physically, n-Pentane behaves very similarly to iso-Pentane. Its boiling point is higher (35 °C). Instead of ammonia or fluorinated hydrocarbons, n-Pentane can be used as a refrigerant in air conditioning or refrigeration systems.

Is STPP a foaming agent?

In cleaning products, STPP improves the ability of detergents to penetrate fibers and other materials. It also aids in foaming, and its pH buffering ability makes it useful as a water softener.