When did the Nanjing Massacre start and end?
The Nanjing Massacre, also called Rape of Nanjing (December 1937–January 1938), was the mass killing and the ravaging of Chinese citizens and capitulated soldiers by soldiers of the Japanese Imperial Army after its seizure of Nanjing, China, on December 13, 1937, during the Sino-Japanese War that preceded World War II.
How many people died in the raping of Nanking?
200,000 to 300,000 people
There are no official numbers for the death toll in the Nanking Massacre, though estimates range from 200,000 to 300,000 people. Soon after the end of the war, Matsui and his lieutenant Tani Hisao, were tried and convicted for war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and were executed.
When did the Nanjing Massacre happen?
December 13, 1937Nanjing Massacre / Start date
What happened December 13th 1937?
On the morning of December 13, 1937, four divisions of the Japanese army and two navy fleets on the Yangtze River invaded Nanjing. The capital city now became one of the largest cities under the Japanese Central China Area Army (CCAA).
Why did Nanjing Massacre?
This has been a subject of discussion virtually since the time of the Nanjing Massacre, as George Washington University Professor Yang Daqing carefully elucidates. The first explanation was that a breakdown in discipline, caused by supply shortages, led Japanese troops to engage in atrocities.
Why did Japan invade Nanjing China?
There were two known objectives from the Japanese supreme Command at this juncture: to establish a political regime in Beijing and to capture and occupy Nanjing.
What is Nanking now called?
Nanjing means ‘southern capital’ and is the name of the current capital of Jiangsu Province and a former capital of China. It was formerly romanized as Nanking or Nankin.
Why was the Battle of Nanjing so important?
Matsui made clear to his superiors even before he left for Shanghai that he wanted to march on Nanking. He was convinced that the conquest of the Chinese capital city of Nanking would provoke the fall of the entire Nationalist Government of China and thus hand Japan a quick and complete victory in its war on China.
What started the Nanjing Massacre?
Seventy years ago this December 13th, the Japanese Imperial Army began its seizure of Nanjing, the capital of the Republic of China. Japanese troops killed remnant Chinese soldiers in violation of the laws of war, murdered Chinese civilians, raped Chinese women, and destroyed or stole Chinese property on a scale that …
Is Peking still used?
“Peking” is still employed in terms such as “Pekingese”, “Peking duck”, “Peking Man” and various others, as well as being retained in the name of Peking University.