What are the hazards of sodium hydroxide?

It can burn the eyes, skin, and inner membranes, and cause temporary hair loss. Sodium hydroxide is used to produce soaps, rayon, paper, products that explode, dyes, and petroleum products.

What hazard is indicated in the safety data sheet for sodium hydroxide?

Inhalation: Irritation may lead to chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Causes severe irritation of upper respiratory tract with coughing, burns, breathing difficulty, and possible coma. Causes chemical burns to the respiratory tract. Chronic: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis.

Is sodium hydroxide an environmental hazard?

None of the registered pesticide products containing the active ingredient sodium hydroxide are likely to cause unreasonable adverse effects in people or the environment, and all are eligible for reregistration.

How do you handle sodium hydroxide?

Wear chemical protective clothing if necessary. Quickly take off contaminated clothing, shoes and leather goods (e.g. watchbands, belts). Quickly and gently blot or brush away excess chemical. Immediately flush with lukewarm, gently flowing water for at least 60 minutes.

What temperature should sodium hydroxide be stored at?

concentrated sodium hydroxide is best stored at temperatures above 70°F to prevent freezing, caustic deposition, and promote fluidity through increased viscosity.

Is sodium hydroxide safe in drinking water?

A: Sodium hydroxide use as a corrosion inhibitor is listed in NSF/ANSI Standard 60. These standards have been designed to safeguard drinking water by ensuring that additives meet minimum health effects requirements and thus are safe for use in drinking water.

What are the dangers in sodium hydroxide?

– Teratogenicity / Embryotoxicity: Not known to harm the unborn child. – Reproductive Toxicity: Not known to be a reproductive hazard. – Mutagenicity: Not known to be a mutagen.

Why is sodium hydroxide hazardous to use?

Sodium hydroxide causes severe irritation to eyes, skin, mucous membrane; pneumonitis; eye and skin burns; and temporary loss of hair. The substance is very corrosive to the eyes, the skin , and the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of an aerosol of the substance may cause lung edema.

Is sodium hydroxide considered to be dangerous?

Sodium hydroxide is a potentially dangerous substance. It can hurt you if it touches your skin, if you drink it or if you breathe it. Eating or drinking sodium hydroxide can cause severe burns and immediate vomiting, nausea, diarrhea or chest and stomach pain, as well as swallowing difficulties. Damage to the mouth, throat and stomach is immediate.

Is sodium hydroxide safe to use at home?

Is sodium hydroxide safe to use at home? It’s available to clean drains because it reacts with grease and fat forming a soap. It also dissolves rust in iron pipes. It’s safe provided you know of it’s dangers. It is highly corrosive. You need skin and particularly eye protection. You need to be aware that when it dissolves in water it gets very hot.