What are the major complications of obesity?

People with obesity are more likely to develop a number of potentially serious health problems, including:

  • Heart disease and strokes.
  • Type 2 diabetes.
  • Certain cancers.
  • Digestive problems.
  • Sleep apnea.
  • Osteoarthritis.
  • Severe COVID-19 symptoms.

What was the obesity rate in 2010?

In 2009–2010, 35.7% of U.S. adults were obese. In 2009–2010, 16.9% of U.S. children and adolescents were obese. In 2009–2010, over 78 million U.S. adults and about 12.5 million U.S. children and adolescents were obese. Between 1999–2000 and 2009–2010, the prevalence of obesity increased among men but not among women.

What causes obesity scholarly articles?

Excess energy dense food intake and reduced physical activity are likely the major contributors to obesity. There is also evidence that the readily available and affordability of different food products affect food consumption.

What are 3 potential causes of the obesity epidemic?

These include diet, lack of exercise, environmental factors, and genetics. Some of these factors are discussed briefly in the following section. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute offers more information on the causes of overweight and obesity.

Who does obesity affect?

Obesity affects some groups more than others The obesity prevalence was 39.8% among adults aged 20 to 39 years, 44.3% among adults aged 40 to 59 years, and 41.5% among adults aged 60 and older.

What are the complications of obesity?

The excess adiposity that characterises obesity can cause complications through anatomical and metabolic effects. Subcutaneous adipose tissue is a ‘metabolic sink’ that stores excess calories as triglycerdies through adipocyte hyperplasia and hypertrophy, which protects lean visceral organs such as the heart, kidney, liver and pancreas.

What is the global economic impact of obesity?

The worldwide economic burden of managing obesity and its complications has been estimated at roughly $2 trillion annually or 2.8% of global GDP—nearly as much as smoking, armed conflict and terrorism combined. 7 In the UK, the healthcare cost associated with obesity is forecast to increase by £1.9–2 billion per year by 2030. 8

What are the health risks of obesity in children?

Obese children are at least twice as likely to become obese as adults 13 and have an increased risk of cancer, 14 premature death and disability in adulthood. 15 In addition to the long-term risk, obese children have increased risk of fractures, hypertension, markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD), insulin resistance and psychological issues. 15

What is the relationship between obesity and other conditions?

Obesity‐associated conditions are manifold; however, even modest weight reduction may enable patients to reduce their risk for CVD, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and hypertension among many other comorbidities (Cefalu et al., 2015).