What were the causes of the Boxing Day tsunami?
What caused the Boxing Day tsunami in the Indian Ocean? A magnitude 9.3 earthquake occurred on the seafloor off the western coast of Sumatra. It ruptured over a 1200km section of a fault under the sea, causing a huge area of the sea floor to be raised .
How much damage did the Boxing Day tsunami cause?
The Impacts An astonishing roughly quarter million people (227,899) were killed or missing and presumed dead, including tourists, making this the deadliest tsunami in history. About 1.7 million people were displaced. Total damage was estimated at roughly $13 billion (2017 dollars).
What was the cause of the December 2004 tsunami?
A powerful undersea earthquake that struck off the coast of Sumatra island, Indonesia, set off the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, also known as the Christmas or Boxing Day tsunami, on Sunday morning, Dec. 26, 2004.
What were the impacts of the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami?
Ten people were reported killed, and flooding destroyed a major bridge between the capital Port Victoria and main airport. Also, the island reported devastating economic loss in millions of dollars due to hotels, housing, public utilities, and fishing damages. More than 300 deaths were reported and 5,000 displaced.
What effect did the Boxing Day Tsunami have on the environment?
Environmental impacts of the tsunami Farm land ruined by salt water. 8 million litres of oil escaped from oil plants in Indonesia. Mangrove forests along the coast were destroyed. Coral reefs and coastal wetlands damaged.
Where did the Boxing Day Tsunami effect?
The tsunami killed at least 225,000 people across a dozen countries, with Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Thailand sustaining massive damage. Indonesian officials estimated that the death toll there alone ultimately exceeded 200,000, particularly in northern Sumatra’s Aceh province.
What were the effects of tsunami?
4. Types of tsunami impacts
|Impact||People and Animals|
|Contamination||Contaminated water injures and causes health hazards|
|Debris/sediments of soil||Human fatalities and severe injuries|
|Gas and Fire||Leakage of gas, explosions due to leakage.|
|Electricity||Electric poles and electrical appliances are affected|
What plate boundary caused the Boxing Day tsunami?
The December 26, 2004 M=9.1 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake occurred along a tectonic subduction zone in which the India Plate, an oceanic plate, is being subducted beneath the Burma micro-plate, part of the larger Sunda plate.
What is cause and effect of tsunami?
A tsunami is a series of extremely long waves caused by a large and sudden displacement of the ocean, usually the result of an earthquake below or near the ocean floor. This force creates waves that radiate outward in all directions away from their source, sometimes crossing entire ocean basins.
Who did the Boxing Day tsunami affect?
How did the Boxing Day tsunami affect the environment?
What caused the Boxing Day tsunami?
A quarter of a million people died.
What were the effects of the Boxing Day tsunami?
What are the social effects of the Boxing Day tsunami?
Social impact of Tsunami Disasters bring disruption in the normal social life, create chaos, tear down social structure and destroy social order, so understanding social impact may be viewed as the study of „social pathology‟ (Dynes et al 1978) “Disasters provide a realistic laboratory for testing the integration,
Why did the Boxing Day tsunami happen?
What Caused the Boxing Day Tsunami? The Boxing Day tsunami that occurred on Dec. 26, 2004, was caused by an earthquake of above 9 magnitude in the Indian Ocean. The earthquake was caused by the movement of the Indio-Australian tectonic plate as it subducted below the Eurasian plate, causing the seafloor above it to lift upwards.