What are examples of radioactive isotopes?

Radioactive isotopes of radium, thorium, and uranium, for example, are found naturally in rocks and soil. Uranium and thorium also occur in trace amounts in water. Radon, generated by the radioactive decay of radium, is present in air.

What type of isotope is used for drug metabolism studies?

Stable isotope labeling allows for dissecting many types of metabolism studies. The typical isotopes for this purpose are deuterium (2H or D), carbon-13 (13C), nitrogen-15 (15N), and oxygen-18 (18O). For the most part, these isotopes are considered not to alter the rate and sites of metabolism.

Why are all isotopes with Z 83 unstable?

All other stable nuclei have a higher neutron-to-proton ratio, which increases steadily to about 1.5 for the heaviest nuclei. Regardless of the number of neutrons, however, all elements with Z > 83 are unstable and radioactive.

Is Thallium 205 radioactive?

Tl and 205Tl are the only stable isotopes and 204Tl is the most stable radioisotope with a half-life of 3.78 years. Tl, with a half-life of 4.77 minutes, has the longest half-life of naturally occurring radioisotopes.

How are isotopes being used in drug testing?

One of the more common uses is as a tracer in which a radioisotope, such as technetium-99m, is taken orally or is injected or is inhaled into the body. The radioisotope then circulates through the body or is taken up only by certain tissues. Its distribution can be tracked according to the radiation it gives off.

Is uranium a radionuclide?

Uranium (chemical symbol U) is a naturally occurring radioactive element.

How do you tell if an isotope is stable or unstable?

Stable isotopes do not decay into other elements. In contrast, radioactive isotopes (e.g., 14C) are unstable and will decay into other elements.

Which is the most stable isotope?

While deuterium H-2, an isotope twice as heavy as hydrogen, is predominantly used in nutrition research, nitrogen-15 is the most common stable isotope used in agriculture. Many other stable isotopes are also increasingly being used.

Is thallium naturally radioactive?

Tl, with a half-life of 4.77 minutes, has the longest half-life of naturally occurring radioisotopes. All isotopes of thallium are either radioactive or observationally stable, meaning that they are predicted to be radioactive but no actual decay has been observed.

What is radioisotope used for in medicine?

Radioisotopes are an essential part of medical diagnostic procedures. In combination with imaging devices which register the gamma rays emitted from within, they can be used for imaging to study the dynamic processes taking place in various parts of the body.

Why are radioisotopes used?

Used to locate leaks in industrial pipe lines…and in oil well studies. Used in nuclear medicine for nuclear cardiology and tumor detection. Used to study bone formation and metabolism. Measures the dust and pollutant levels on filter paper…and gauges the thickness of plastics, sheet metal, rubber, textiles and paper.

What are radioactive isotopes?

radioactive isotope, also called radioisotope, radionuclide, or radioactive nuclide, any of several species of the same chemical element with different masses whose nuclei are unstable and dissipate excess energy by spontaneously emitting radiation in the form of alpha, beta, and gamma rays. A brief treatment of radioactive isotopes follows.

What is the half-life of a radioactive isotope affected by?

The half-life of radioactive isotopes is unaffected by any environmental factors, so the isotope acts like an internal clock.

What are the effects of radio active isotopes on human body?

Medical treatment by using radio active isotopes may have some adverse effect on human body. The adverse effect of radio active isotopes may present in human tissue or organ such as: White blood is the fastest cellular component of blood undergoing changes due to radiation. The effect on this tissue is the decrease in the number of cells.