What causes macrocephaly in babies?
Causes of macrocephaly include: Benign familial macrocephaly – other family members with big heads (inherited) Excess fluid in the brain – benign extra-axial fluid of infancy or hydrocephalus.
What is the most common cause of a large head in the neonate?
One of the most common reasons for macrocephaly is something that doctors call “benign familial macrocephaly.” In other words, big heads run in your family. A doctor might determine that a baby’s big head is inherited by measuring the heads of the parents.
What causes rapid head growth in infants?
Increased head size may be from any of the following: Benign familial macrocephaly (family tendency toward large head size) Canavan disease (condition that affects how the body breaks down and uses a protein called aspartic acid) Hydrocephalus (buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to brain swelling)
Why does macrocephaly happen?
Etiology of the condition can be due to increased brain parenchyma, also known as megalencephaly, or increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). There are also instances when macrocephaly can be caused by increased blood, thickened bone, or increased intracranial pressure (ICP) from other causes.
Can macrocephaly be normal?
Macrocephaly is the term for an unusually large head. An infant with macrocephaly will have a larger head than most other infants of the same age and sex. In many cases, this condition is benign or harmless. In other cases, it may indicate an underlying medical condition, such as a genetic syndrome or a brain tumor.
Is it normal for babies to have a big head?
Macrocephaly is usually a symptom of other conditions. Benign familial macrocephaly is an inherited condition. It happens in families predisposed to having larger heads. Sometimes there is a problem with the brain, such as hydrocephalus or excess fluid.
Why do preemies have big heads?
Your preterm baby’s size and the sight of his fragile body may alarm you. He will be very small and his head may appear too big for his body. The reason for this is that preterm babies lack the subcutaneous fat that fills babies out in the last few weeks before birth.
Is it normal for babies to have large heads?