What are the different stroke syndromes?
Three classic clinical syndromes are recognized in their territory: the medial medullary stroke (or Déjerine syndrome); the dorsolateral medullary stroke (or Wallenberg syndrome); and the hemi-medullary stroke (or Babinski-Nageotte syndrome).
What is the mnemonic for stroke?
The acronym FAST (Facial drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulties and Time) has been used by the National Stroke Association, American Heart Association and others to educate the public on detecting symptoms of a stroke. FAST was first introduced in the United Kingdom in 1998.
What are the brainstem stroke syndromes?
The differential diagnosis for brainstem stroke syndromes include acute peripheral vestibular dysfunction, Meniere’s disease, intracranial hemorrhage, subarachnoid hemorrhage, malignancies, basilar migraines, toxic disturbances, osmotic demyelination syndrome, sarcoidosis, and hypoglycemia.
What is a lacunar stroke?
A lacunar stroke occurs when one of the arteries that provide blood to the brain’s deep structures is blocked. These arteries are small, and are uniquely vulnerable.
What is the rosier scale?
ROSIER is a 7-item recognition instrument (ranging from − 2 to + 5) that based on the clinical history and neurological signs. A score of + 1 or above was considered positive of stroke or transient ischemic attack .
What is pontine syndrome?
A pontine cerebrovascular accident (also known as a pontine CVA or pontine stroke) is a type of ischemic stroke that affects the pons region of the brain stem. A pontine stroke can be particularly devastating and may lead to paralysis and the rare condition known as Locked-in Syndrome (LiS).
What is corona radiata stroke?
A corona radiata stroke is called a lacunar stroke or a small vessel stroke because the corona radiata receives blood supply from small branches of the arteries in the brain. This region is described as white matter because it is heavily myelinated.
What is Befast in stroke?
Use the acronym B.E.F.A.S.T. for recognizing a stroke: B – Balance: Watch for sudden loss of balance. E – Eyes: Check for vision loss. F – Face: Look for an uneven smile. A – Arm: Check if one arm is weak.
Why is it so hard to translate stroke research into clinical settings?
Despite our increased understanding of stroke pathophysiology and the large number of studies targeting multiple pathways causing stroke, the inability to translate research into clinical settings has significantly hampered advances in stroke research.
What is stroke?
Introduction Stroke is a neurological disorder characterized by blockage of blood vessels. Clots form in the brain and interrupt blood flow, clogging arteries and causing blood vessels to break, leading to bleeding.
What is the prevalence of stroke in developing countries?
The prevalence of stroke is highest in developing countries, with ischemic stroke being the most common type. Considerable progress has been made in our understanding of the pathophysiology of stroke and the underlying mechanisms leading to ischemic insult.
What is the pathophysiology of stroke?
Considerable progress has been made in our understanding of the pathophysiology of stroke and the underlying mechanisms leading to ischemic insult. Stroke therapy primarily focuses on restoring blood flow to the brain and treating stroke-induced neurological damage.