How common is dengue in Malaysia?

In Malaysia, dengue fever has the highest incidence rate among communicable diseases, with 397.71 cases per 100,000 populations [3].

What is the main cause of dengue fever in Malaysia?

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral disease caused by a flavivirus. There are four distinct serotypes of dengue virus, namely DEN-1, 2, 3 and 4. Female Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are the primary and secondary vectors in Malaysia, respectively.

How does dengue affect society?

The study shows that a dengue outbreak undermines medical, social, societal, economic and political stability through a rapid patient influx into the healthcare system, the financial burden on governments and households, and the effect of community dissatisfaction and disengagement on outbreak control measures.

How many dengue cases are there in Malaysia?

The Malaysia Ministry of Health (MOH) reported Thursday that the cumulative number of dengue cases reported to date is 12,942 cases compared to 9,270 cases for the same period in 2021, an increase of 3,672 cases (39.6%). This includes 1,021 cases of dengue reported the last week of April 2022.

When did dengue start in Malaysia?

History of dengue in Malaysia In Malaysia, onset of dengue infection was dated back in year 1901 following transmission from Singapore to Penang [25]. First epidemic outbreak was then alarmed in 1973, recording a total of 969 cases and 54 deaths [26].

Why dengue cases are increasing?

Vector-borne diseases such as dengue have raised public health concern worldwide due to climate change, global trade, worldwide travel, and urban crowding.

How can dengue be prevented in Malaysia?

Things you can do to prevent getting and spreading dengue : Change water and scrub the insides of flower vases once a week. Clean plant pot plates and scrub thoroughly to remove Aedes mosquito eggs once a week. Cover all water containers, or.

How does dengue fever affect the economy?

The main economic impact of dengue was due to productivity costs. Average annual cost was more than US$ 3 billion. Direct costs represented over 70% of the total share for hospitalized cases.

How can we prevent dengue in our community?

Use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, and control mosquitoes inside and outside your home. Each year, an estimated 400 million people are infected with dengue virus through the bites of infected mosquitoes.

How many cases of dengue per year?

Worldwide, about 50 million cases of dengue infection occur each year, with 22,000 deaths, mostly in children.

Who first discovered Dengue Fever?

Discovery of the Dengue Viruses In 1943, Ren Kimura and Susumu Hotta first isolated the dengue virus. These two scientists were studying blood samples of patients taken during the 1943 dengue epidemic in Nagasaki, Japan. A year later, Albert B. Sabin and Walter Schlesinger independently isolated the dengue virus.

What are the estimates of dengue cases for each year?

Global burden One modelling estimate indicates 390 million dengue virus infections per year (95% credible interval 284–528 million), of which 96 million (67–136 million) manifest clinically (with any severity of disease).

What are the estimates of dengue cases for each year in 2010 to 2014?

On average, 170,503 symptomatic DENV infections and 750 deaths were officially reported to the Philippines Department of Health (DoH) annually from 2010 to 2014, i.e., an incidence of about 178 symptomatic dengue episodes per 100,000 population and a reported case fatality rate of approximately 0.44% (Philippines DoH.

What is the history of dengue fever?

Dengue originated in monkeys and spilled over into humans as long as 800 years ago. It was restricted to Africa and Southeast Asia until the mid-20th century. The dengue viruses in viremic individuals and their Aedes aegypti mosquito vectors spread throughout tropical Southeast Asia via maritime shipments.

Who invented dengue vaccine?

A rare and severe form of dengue can be deadly, causing extensive bleeding under the skin and inside the body. Saint Louis University holds the patent on the vaccine, which was developed in 1997 by Thomas Chambers, M.D., then an associate professor of molecular microbiology and immunology.

Where is dengue most common?

Millions of cases of dengue infection occur worldwide each year. Dengue fever is most common in Southeast Asia, the western Pacific islands, Latin America and Africa. But the disease has been spreading to new areas, including local outbreaks in Europe and southern parts of the United States.