What is Athirathram Yagam?

Athirathram, the world’s ‘oldest Vedic ritual’, which means constructing a fireplace and performing yagna or yajna (an oblation conducted overnight) returns to a quaint village called Panjal in Thrissur district in Kerala after 35 years.

What are the five types of yajna?

Havir-yajñās: — Agniyādhāna, agnihotra, darśa-pūrṇamāsa, āgrayana, cāturmāsya, niruudha paśu bandha, sautrāmaṇi. These involve offering havis or oblations. Pañca-mahā-yajñās: — The “five great yajnas” or mahāsattras.

What were the purposes of the yajnas?

yajna, (Sanskrit: “sacrifice”) also spelled yajña, in Hinduism, offerings to the gods based on rites prescribed in the earliest scriptures of ancient India, the Vedas, in contrast to puja, a later practice that may include image worship and other devotional practices.

How many types of yajna are there?

There were five types of yajnas in Vedic times: hom, isti, pashu, soma and satrayaga. There were also special yajnas for securing kingdoms or overlordships such as rajasuya, vajapeya, ashvamedha and naramedha. Rajasuya and asvamedha yajnas were known even during the days of the ramayana and the mahabharata.

What type of ritual is the Agnicayana?

advanced Śrauta rituals
The Agnicayana (ati-rātra agni-cayana; lit. ‘over-night piling up of the fire’) or Athirathram (Malayalam: അതിരാത്രം) is a category of advanced Śrauta rituals.

Where does the Agnicayana take place?

It was performed, perhaps for the last time, in April, 1975 , by Nambudiri Brahmans in Panjal , a village in Kerala , Southwest India . In relative isolation and through the centuries this Nambudiri community has remained faithful to its Vedic heritage.

What is Yajna class6?

Yajna was an elaborate ritual. Sacrifices were made during yajnas. Ghee and grains were offered to the fire. Animal sacrifice was also performed. Most of the male members were expected to take part in the battle.

What is Mahayagna?

Agnihotra yagna, which is performed daily by vaidiks, is considered as mahayagna, which means prominent among all yagnas. The Vedas stipulate that this yagna should be performed by both men and women without fail.

Where was the Agnicayana ritual depicted in Altar of fire performed?

The Agnicayana, a 3000-year-old Vedic ritual, was performed in 1975 in a village . in southwest India by Nambudiri. brahmins. This event, which lasted twelve days, was filmed, photographed, recorded and extensively documented.

Why is the Agnicayana performed?

The immediate purpose of the Agnicayana is to build up for the sacrificer an immortal body that is permanently beyond the reach of the transitory nature of life, suffering and death that, according to this rite, characterizes man’s mortal existence.

What are the types of sacrifice?

Human sacrifice

  • Human sacrifice to accompany the dedication of a new temple or bridge.
  • Sacrifice of people upon the death of a king, high priest or great leader; the sacrificed were supposed to serve or accompany the deceased leader in the next life.
  • Human sacrifice in times of natural disaster.

What was known as the Ashwamedha?

ashvamedha, (Sanskrit: “horse sacrifice”) also spelled ashwamedha, grandest of the Vedic religious rites of ancient India, performed by a king to celebrate his paramountcy. The ceremony is described in detail in various Vedic writings, particularly the Shatapatha Brahmana.

What is Ashwamedha yajna Class 6?

The Ashwamedha yajna or the horse sacrifice was a major ritual in ancient India. In this sacrifice, a horse was let loose and wandered into other kingdoms. If a king of another kingdom stops the horse, the king who set the horse free wages a war against him.

Why was yajnas performed in the early Vedic period?

Answer: The priests performed the yajnas. Yajnas was performed to please the Gods, for protection, to prove their imperial sovereignity.

Why were yajnas performed in the early Vedic period?

In ancient Hinduism, yajnas refer to a sacred ritual done in front of a fire. This ritual was popular during the Vedic Period, especially between 1500-1200 BC. Normally, they were performed for the community, and many people participated.

Where will be the Yagam at Athirathram?

A common place near Sukapuram Dakshinamoorthy temple will be the venue for this Yagam. A public committee called Yajna Nirvahana Samithi is being constituted for the smooth running of Athirathram under the patronage of Chennas Dineshan Nambuthirippadu, the Chief priest at Guruvayur temple, Jathavethan Nambuthiri and Sreemoolanagaram Narayanankutty.

Who can be A Yajamanan for a sagnikam Athirathram?

Only a person who has conducted Agnishtomams earlier can be a Yajamanan for a Sagnikam Athirathram. According to the Nambuthiri custom the one who conducts Agnishtomam is honoured with the title Somayajippad and after the completion of Athirathram he is bestowed with the title Akkithirippadu.

How many days are there in Athirathram?

The first three days in Athirathram are called Deeksha hassukkal and these days are mainly for preparations like Deeksha Varikkal (Yajamanan preparing himself for the Yagam) , assigning all the Rithwiks, ceremonial construction of the Yagasala, (called Vedikaranam) etc. The next six days are called Upasad Dinangal.

What is Yagam or yagna?

This Yagam or Yagna is considered as the practical application of Vedas, the ancient text of India. According to belief, Yagams are performed for the well being of mankind and nature. Yagams are the most significant and important Vedic rituals being practiced by the Brahmin community of India since ancient times.